Blood Pressure in CKD

The KDIGO 2021 Blood Pressure in CKD Guideline

The KDIGO 2021 Clinical Practice Guideline on the Management of Blood Pressure (BP) in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) marks an update to the KDIGO 2012 BP Guideline. It includes new information on BP management recommendations for individuals with non-dialysis CKD, improving BP control for reducing cardiovascular disease risk in adults with CKD, and other important related topics.

This guideline was co-chaired by Alfred Cheung, MD, and Johannes Mann, MD.

Guideline Resources


International Consensus on Standardized Clinic Blood Pressure Measurement − A Call to Action
The American Journal of Medicine

International Consensus on Standardized Office Blood Pressure Measurement – A Call to Action by 13 Organisations!
International Society of Hypertension – Hypertension News


KDIGO Blood Pressure Guideline on AvoMD

The KDIGO Blood Pressure Guideline is now accessible as a decision support tool on AvoMD. View the Blood Pressure Guideline on AvoMD.

AvoMD Makes clinical practice easier by customizing medical knowledge and education at the point of care to facilitate the treatment and diagnosis processes. You can sign up for free to access the full suite of AvoMD resources. Learn more.


Annals of Internal Medicine

Management of Blood Pressure in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease Not Receiving Dialysis: Synopsis of the 2021 KDIGO Clinical Practice Guideline




This Clinical Practice Guideline is based upon the best information available at the time of publication. The recommendations are designed to provide information and assist decision-making. They are not intended to define a standard of care, and should not be construed as one. Neither should they be interpreted as prescribing an exclusive course of management. Variations in practice will inevitably and appropriately occur when clinicians take into account the needs of individual patients, available resources, and limitations unique to an institution or type of practice. Every health care professional making use of this Guideline is responsible for evaluating the appropriateness of applying them in the setting of any particular clinical situation. The recommendations for research contained within this document are general and do not imply a specific protocol.